Cost-efficient production of bipolar plates for fuel cells

Fuel cell in the laboratory: Scientists develop more favourable manufacturing method. (Photo: science photo - Fotolia.com)

IW | In fuel cells, water-cooled bipolar plates function as current collector, gas distributor and serve for heat control. To make their production more cost-efficient, researchers of Leibniz Universität Hannover and TU Chemnitz have developed a new method.

Fuel cells produce electricity from hydrogen and oxygen. One important component of fuel cells are so-called bipolar plates. Presently, their production is very expensive: Two stainless steel sheets are joined by means of laser welding, and then a conductive coating is applied, for example by vapour deposition of gold.

Researchers of the Institute of Materials Science (IW) in Hannover and the Institute of Materials Science and Engineering (IWW) in Chemnitz have found a more favourable solution. Instead of gold, they use chromium nitride layers. Their production is very easy: The plate surfaces are chromium-plated and then treated at high temperature with nitrogen in a shielding gas furnace, producing chromium nitride.

The special highlight: The process conditions in the furnace for the nitriding also allow for soldering up the two plate halves at the same time. This makes laser welding redundant, also shortening the manufacturing process and reducing cost. Moreover, the chromium nitride coating protects the base material against corrosion. Instead of stainless steel, the use of ordinary structural steel is sufficient.

by Ulrich Holländer

Image gallery for this article

  • Fuel cell in the laboratory: Scientists develop more favourable manufacturing method. (Photo: science photo - Fotolia.com)
  • Scheme of a fuel cell stack: alternating arrangement of membrane electrode assembly (MEA) and bipolar plate. (Graphic: IW)
  • Nitride coating and soldering of the plates in a shielding gas conveyor belt furnace at the Institute of Materials Science. (Photo: IW)
  • Chromium nitride coated test bipolar plate: The novel manufacturing method is presently tested concerning its suitability for daily use. (Photo: IW)
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